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Martial Arts Terms

Martial Arts Terms on USAdojo.com

Martial Arts Definitions I

I: “Will,” “mind,” or “intent.” Iai: “Swordplay.” A sword exercise employing a series of thrusting and cutting techniques while drawing and returning the blade. Iaido: “Way of the sword.”...

Martial Arts Definitions J

Jeet Kune Do: (Cantonese) “Way of the intercepting fist.” A collection of basic mental and physical concepts, observations of combat maneuvers, and philosophies of attitude...

Martial Arts Definitions K

Kabuto: The helmet worn by the Japanese samurai. It was made of iron or lacquered leather, and was secured to the head by a series...

Martial Arts Definitions L

Lakan: The male black belt rank in the Filipino art of arnis. Lathi: “Staff.” An Indian fighting art centered around a cane or bamboo staff about five...

Martial Arts Definitions M

Ma ai: The distance between two opponents. Mae: “Front” or “forward.” Mae-geri: Front kick Mairi: Tapping with the hand to signify submission. Makeru: To lose or be defeated. Makiwara: A karate training post designed for...

Martial Arts Definitions N

Nagare: Flow. Nage: Throw. Nage Waza: Throwing techniques. Naginata: “Reaping sword.” A curved-blade spear, once used by Japanese monks and samurai. It is approximately seven feet in length including the blade....

Martial Arts Definitions O

O: “Big” or “great.” Obi: Belt. Obi-otoshi Belt drop Odachi:: See “tachi.” O-goshi: Major hip, hip technique O-guruma: Major wheel. Judo foot technique. Oi-zuki Step punch. Okuri-ashi-harai: sending foot sweep, Judo foot technique. Omote: “Front” or “obvious.” Oni ken: Extended knuckle fist. Orei: “Respect” or...

Martial Arts Definitions P

Pachigi: A Korean martial art in which the head is used to butt an opponent. Pai shih: A ceremony for a kung fu novice denoting his acceptance...

Martial Arts Definitions Q

Quando: A spear-like weapon with a blade resembling a scimitar affixed to its end. This weapon is extremely heavy, and was used to cut through...

Martial Arts Definitions R

Randori: Free sparring. Rei: (Ray) “Soul or Spirit” A bow that begins in the tan tien (seat of the soul located in the abdoinal area). The term...

Martial Arts Definitions S

Sabom: “Teacher” or “instructor.” Sai: A pronged truncheon about fifteen to twenty inches long, used as a defensive instrument against various weapons such as the sword. It...

Martial Arts Definitions T

Tachi: A Japanese long sword worn slung from a sword belt. Like the katana, the tachi had a single-edged curved blade. Tachi rei: “Standing bow.” A salutation...

Martial Arts Definitions U

Uchi: Strike. Uchi deshi: “Apprentice.” An old Japanese practice where a student was apprenticed to a martial arts master in order to become an instructor in turn. Uchi-mata: Inner...

Martial Arts Definitions V

Vo phuc: A name for the uniform worn in the Vietnamese martial arts.

Martial Arts Definitions W

Wa: “Accord.” An ancient Japanese term for harmony, accord, and coordination. Wado ryu: “Way of peace.” A Japanese style of karate developed from jujutsu and earlier karate...

Martial Arts Definitions Y

Yama-arashi: Mountain storm. Hand technique Yang: “Active” or “positive.” In ying-yang theory, the positive aspect associated with what is described as centrifugal, expansive and extroversive. Yari: Spear. Yikwon: Backfist. Yin: “Passive” or “negative.”...

Martial Arts Definitions Z

Zanshin: A state of mind which is cultivated by the martial artist of complete awareness and alertness, anticipation of success in combat. Zazen: “Sitting meditation.” The meditative...

Why is Jujutsu Spelled So Many Different Ways

Arguably, Jujutsu is the most frequently misspelled word in the martial arts. The words used, vary from “Ju” to “Jiu” or “Jiuy,” and the...

Fighting

I started reading a martial arts book the other day titled Pressure Point Fighting, by Rick Clark. After reading the introduction, and then the...

Traditional Martial Arts

Traditional martial arts are fighting arts that originated mostly in Asia. They adhere to very specific and traditional training methods and techniques. Most of...