Martial Arts Definitions T

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Martial Arts Definitions
Tachi: A Japanese long sword worn slung from a sword belt. Like the katana, the tachi had a single-edged curved blade.
Tachi rei: “Standing bow.” A salutation common to numerous Japanese martial arts.
Tachi-waza Karate Stances
Tabi Split toed socks worn by senior instructors.
Tae kwon do: “Way of hands and feet.” The primary form of Korean unarmed combat, named during a conference of chung do kwan masters in 1955. It is considered the most popular martial art in the world.
Tai chi chuan: “Grand ultimate fist.” An internal system of kung fu, also called soft boxing, characterized by its deliberately slow, continuous, circular, well-balanced and rhythmic movements.
Taijutsu: “Body art.” A generic term for a system of empty-hand combat.
Tai-otoshi: Body drop.
Tai sabaki: “Body movement.”
Taisho: The captain of a team.
Tanden: Abdomen.
Tang soo do: “Art of the Chinese hand.” A Korean combative differing only slightly from Tae Kwon Do.
Tan tien: “Sea of chi.” The psychic center located just below the naval, which protects the center of gravity and produces a reservior of force upon which to draw. Also known as “tan den.”
Tanto: A Japanese dagger with a blade eight to sixteen inches long and carried by the samurai in addition to the katana.
Tashi: “Expert.” An expert of Japanese martial arts who is of third- to fourth-degree black belt. All belts within this category, however, do not recieve this title.
Tatami: “Straw mat.” A mat usually measuring three by six feet and three inches thick (with bound straw inside.)
Tate: Vertical fist.
Tatte: A command to stand up from a kneeling position.
Tetsubishi: A four-pointed caltrop used by the ninja to slow down a persuer. No matter which way a tetsubishi landed one sharp point always protruded upward.
Tetsubo: “Iron staff.” A weapon used by the samurai from either a horse-mounted or ground position.
Te: Hand.
Te-waza Hand techniques.
Three sectional staff: A Chinese weapon consisting of three rods connected by chain or rope.
Ti: Belt.
Tjabang: An iron truncheon similar to the Okinawan sai.
Tobu: An expression referring to the head area except the face.
Tomari-te: One of the three original Okinawan karate schools, which derived its name from the village where it originated.
Tomoe: “Circular” or “stomach.”
Tonfa: “Handle.” An old Okinawan farming tool developed as a weapon by Okinawan farmers.
Tsuba: The guard of a samurai sword.
Tsubame-gaeshi: Swallow counter. Judo foot technique.
Tsuka: The handle of a samurai sword.
Tsuki: Thrust. Basic punch.
Tsuri-goshi: Lifting hip. Judo hip technique
Tsurikomi-goshi: lifting pulling hip, Judo hip technique
Tsuzukete: “Continue.” A term used by the referee in a karate match, most frequently after a scoreless exchange.
Tuite: Joint turning.

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