Matsubayashi-ryu is also known as Matsubayashi Shorin-ryu, It is a school of Okinawan Tomari-te karate founded by Shoshin Nagamine (1907-1997) in 1947. the Matsubayashi Shorin-ryu curriculum includes 18 kata, 7 two-man yakusoku kumite (prearranged sparring) routines, and kobudo (weapons) practice.
According to Sensei Nagamine, he named his style in honor of the two masters whose teaching Nagamine viewed as the basis of his art. They were Matsumura Sokon and Kosaku Matsumora. He chose to name the school using the first kanji characters from both master names Matsu and the style can be pronounced in Japanese “Matsubayashi”. Because all Japanese Kanji have both an ON (Chinese) Pronunciation and a Kun (Japanese) Pronunciation, Matusbayahsi is often mispronounced by non-Okinawans as Shorin, which is incorrect. In Japanese for any given word, there is only one correct pronunciation of the kanji. Either the ON pronunciation or the Kun pronunciation is correct, but never both. For the kun pronunciation of Matsubayashi is correct.
Nagamine Shoshin also credited Motobu Choki as the teacher who inspired his seven Yakusoku kumite forms. Today, the official Matsubayashi-ryu organization is run by Sh?shin Nagamine’s son, Takayoshi Nagamine, though there are many schools teaching Matsubayashi-ryu that are not officially affiliated with the Nagamine dojo.
Matsubayashi-ryu or Matsubayashi Shorin-ryu is one of the better-documented traditional karate styles, owing to Nagamine’s book, The Essence of Okinawan Karate-do as well as Tales of the Masters.
The only book in English with photos of one of the great prewar masters demonstrating the proper execution of Okinawan karate, The Essence of Okinawan Karate-Do is a bridge between karate’s legendary past and the practitioners of today. This intelligent and imaginative text explains the historical landmarks in the development of style, vividly outlines its leading forms and techniques, and recalls noted Okinawan karate men of the past, including the author’s teachers Ankichi Arakaki, Choki Motobu, and Chotoku Kyan.