Martial Arts Definitions G

5
Martial Arts Definitions
Gake: Hooking action used in some ankle and sacrifice throws.
Gakko: School.
Ganmen: A target area referred to in sport karate. It includes all of the head and face area.
Gatame: Locking or holding.
Gedan: A term often used in karate to pinpoint an area to be attacked. Usually refers to the lower trunk area.
Geiko: A name often used in place of Kendo during the Meiji era (1868 – 1912), especially by the military.
Gekken: Practice
Genin: Ninja of the lowest rank who were often responsible for carrying out dangerous assignments.
Genseiryu: A style of karate characterized by tumbling and somersaults.
Geri: Kick.
Gi: (ghee) A Japanese term for a martial arts uniform. (Karate, Judo, and Tae Kwon Do)
Godan: 5th degree black belt in traditional Japanese styles.
Goju-ryu: “Hard/soft style”
Goshi: Hip.
Goshin-waza: Defense techniques
Gosoku: A modern system of karate founded by Tak Kubota of Los Angeles, California.
Go ti: An ancient form of Chinese wrestling.
Gunbai: A rigid iron or wooden fan carried by generals in battle and used today by sumo referees as a symbol of authority.
Gung fu: The Cantonese pronunciation of kung fu.
gup: “Grade” or “class.” A Korean grade designating a level of achievement below black belt.
Guruma: Wheel
Gyaku: “Reverse” or “opposite.”
Gyaku-zuki: Reverse punch.
Gyoji: The referee of a sumo match.