Martial Arts Definitions H

Martial Arts Definitions
Hachimaki: “Head wrapping.” A light cotton towel, also known as a tengui, wrapped around the forehead to restrict perspiration from running into the eyes and face.
Hajime: “Begin.” Referee’s command used to start a Japanese martial arts match.
Hakama: “Divided skirt.” The skirtlike trousers or cullotes primarily worn in kendo, aikido, iaido, and sometimes the upper ranks of judo.
Hakko ryu: A form of jujutsu in which atemi (striking) techniques are emphasized.
Halberd: A shafted weapon with an axelike cutting blade, sometimes used to describe the Chinese quando.
Hanbo: A three foot wooden staff.
Hachidan: 8th degree black belt in traditional Japanese styles.
Hachimaki: A headband, handkerchief or bandana which is often worn to prevent sweat from dripping into the eyes while working out.
Hakama: The pleated skirt worn by Aikido, Kendo, Kyudo and Iaido practitioners.
Hane-goshi: Springing hip. Judo hip technique.
Hane-goshi-gaeshi: Springing hip counter. Judo foot technique.
Han mu kwan: “Military arts school.” A style of Korean karate.
Hanshi: “Master.” A respected master, of Japanese martial disciplines, who is of eigth- to tenth-degree black belt rank, although not all masters receive this title.
Hansoku gachi: “Winner by violation.” The decision awarded in a match when an opponent has violated the rules.
Hansokumake: “Loser by violation.” A verdict against the loser when there has been a violation of the rules in a match.
Hantei: “Judgement” or “decision.” A command by the referee to the judges to choose the winner of a match when neither contestant has scored or if the score is tied.
Hapkido: “way of coordinating power.” A Korean martial art characterized by kicking without retraction and composed of three primary skills: nonresistance when meeting force, circular motion to countering and attacking, and the water principle – total penetration of an enemy’s defenses.
Hara: “Abdomen.” Gravity and mass in the human body, traditionally considered in Eastern thought to be the seat of the soul and center of ki.
Haragei: The art of concentrating ki in the abdomen; disciplines focusing on developing the tanden.
Harai: “Sweep” or “sweeping.”
Harai-goshi: Sweeping hip. Judo hip technique.
Harai-goshi-gaeshi: Sweeping hip counter. Judo foot technique.
Harai-tsurikomi-ashi: Sweeping lifting pulling foot. Judo Foot technique.
Hara Kiri: Ritual Japanese suicide with a knife, practiced by the samurai warrior. This phrase is the informal word for seppuku.
Hata: “Flag.” The flags used by referees or line persons to indicate scores, decisions, or jogai.
Hauri: Hip.
Heijo-shin: A calm and focused state of mental awareness which a warrior must have during battle. It is characterized by a relaxed and confident attitude.
Hidari: Left or left side.
Hiji: Elbow. Also known as empi.
Hikiwake: “Draw” or “tie.” Referee’s term denoting a draw in a match.
Himm: “Force” or “power.”
Hirate: Foreknuckle.
Hiza: Knee or lap.
Hiza-guruma: Knee wheel. Judo foot techniques.
Hiza-geri: Knee strike
Ho goo: Protective equipment worn by tae kwon do competitors to minimize injury while sparring.
Hohup: “Breathing.”
Hojo jutsu: The art of tying. Techniques used to tie and immobilize a victim by means of a cord.
Hojutsu: The art of firearms or gunnery.
Hombu: “Headquarters.” This term can be used to define any headquarters for a martial arts school.
Hontai: A state of mind which is cultivated by the martial artist of alert readiness
Hop gar: A style of Chinese kung fu, also known as Lama, which is composed of twelve short-hand and twelve long-hand maneuvers.
Hosin sul: Self-defense techniques.
Hsing i: “Form of mind.” An internal system of kung fu emphasizing linear movement.
Hwa chuan: “Flowery hand system.” A northern Chinese style of kung fu.
Hung gar: A major style of southern Chinese kung fu characterized by very hard, strong techniques and stable horse stances.
Hwarang: A band of Korean warriors who, much like the Japanese samurai, adhered to strict philosophical and moral codes.
Hwarang do: “Way of the flower of manhood.” A native Korean philosophical code similar to Japanese bushido and possessing a structured series of physical techniques that were advocated by warriors known as the hwarang.
Hyung: “Pattern,” “form,” or “mold.” A series of prearranged offensive and defensive movements executed against imaginary attacking opponents. Also known as katas or poomse.